info@leolandtravels.lk +94 76-6730-731 RU ITA

ABOUT SRI LANKA

Thank you for choosing Sri Lanka as your dream destination. You are warmly welcome to Sri Lanka – the destination for all – where you could have a wonderful vacation without doubt. The stunning natural beauty of this paradise in the tropics will undoubtedly make you amazed and mesmerized. We are happy to educate you about this beautiful island through this detailed Sri Lanka guide.

Lying off the southern tip of India, the tropical island of Sri Lanka has attracted visitors for centuries with its natural beauty. Sri Lanka was the ideal stopover of ancient seafarers sailing across the Indian Ocean to the Orient. Marco Polo, a great seafarer, who arrived in Sri Lanka in 1265, said “Sri Lanka is the finest island of its size in all the world”. Pliny (45 AD), one of the greatest Roman historians wrote: ” It had been of long time thought by men in ancient days that Taprobane (Sri Lanka) was a second world “.

A glorious history, a rich culture, age-old ruins, the world’s most hospitable people, a rich biodiversity, endless tropical beaches, breathtaking coral reefs, verdant valleys of tea plantations, lush virgin rainforests, ranges of mist-clad mountains, splashing waterfalls, oodles of proboscideans in the wild, pods of giants in the blue, priceless gemstones beneath, mouthwatering spicy foods, delicious tropical fruits and what more to call Sri Lanka “A Land Like No Other”. Home to eight world heritage sites, Sri Lanka though a small island, has much more to offer. In terms of diversity, Sri Lanka is incomparable and unbeatable. The tropical paradise is blessed with varied landscapes – flat to hilly, climates – hot to mild and cool, cultures – Buddhist to Hindu, fauna – vertebrates to invertebrates, flora – algae to blackwood and so on.

Lying between 5o and 10o north latitudes resulting in an average temperature hovering around 27°C, Sri Lanka is quite a year-round tropical destination; when it’s rainy in the East, it is sunny in the West and vice versa. The climate is normally bright, sunny and warm and the country receives monsoonal rains; the southwestern monsoons from May to July to the West and the northeastern monsoons from December to January to the East.

Explore serendipitous Sri Lanka at its finest and enjoy your holiday at its best. Have a wonderful holiday!

 

Pre-History of Sri Lanka
The primitive history of Sri Lanka is in a shroud of mystery, yet there is perhaps no country in the world that has such a long continuous history and civilization. At a time when the now great nations of the west were sunk in barbarism, or had not come into existence, Sri Lanka was the seat of an ancient kingdom and religion, the nursery of art and the centre of eastern commerce. The incredible religious enlightenment of the island is more than 2550 years old. Our architectural structures are not challengeable. The vast irrigation works attest the greatness and antiquity of the civilization. Nature and art, the beauty of the sceneries, celebrated as the home of pure Buddhism, have made Sri Lanka from remote times the object of interest and admiration to modern nations. Merchants, sailors, and pilgrims have in diverse dialects left records of their visits, which confirm in a striking manner the ancient native chronicles which Sri Lanka is almost singular among Asiatic lands in possessions.

Climate of Sri Lanka
Being located in the tropics, Sri Lanka which consists mostly of flat to rolling coastal plains, with mountains rising only in the south-central part has a tropical climate with two distinct seasons of wet and dry. The rainfall pattern is influenced by monsoon winds from the Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal and there are two monsoons viz. northeast monsoon (December to March) and southwest monsoon (June to October).

Sri Lankan Cuisine
Food is one of the most exciting aspects of Sri Lanka. While most dishes in Sri Lankan cuisine can trace their origins to India, Malaysia, the Arab world and the colonizers from Portugal, the Netherlands, Britain, a unique local twist can be experienced, which sets them apart.The local palate and the various fragrant spices growing in Sri Lanka contribute much towards this. Many Sri Lankans consume rice with a collection of curries, the main being a lentil curry. Other main dietary selections include string hoppers, hoppers, milk rice, roti or thosai, all accompanied by curries or chutneys. However, the ultimate street food found in every nook and corner of Sri Lanka is kottu, which is shredded roti, mixed with vegetables and a preference of meats, served with gravy. As an island, sea food too is a main staple in the country.

Food and Drinks
Food is one of the most exciting aspects of Sri Lanka. While most dishes in Sri Lankan cuisine can trace their origins to India, Malaysia, the Arab world and the colonizers from Portugal, the Netherlands, Britain, a unique local twist can be experienced, which sets them apart.The local palate and the various fragrant spices growing in Sri Lanka contribute much towards this. Many Sri Lankans consume rice with a collection of curries, the main being a lentil curry. Other main dietary selections include string hoppers, hoppers, milk rice, roti or thosai, all accompanied by curries or chutneys. However, the ultimate street food found in every nook and corner of Sri Lanka is kottu, which is shredded roti, mixed with vegetables and a preference of meats, served with gravy. As an island, sea food too is a main staple in the country.

Fruits
Being a tropical country, Sri Lanka is home to a variety delicious tropical fruits such as mango, pineapple, jackfruit and banana. One of the earliest mentioned fruits in this country is mango. The well-known questions Arhat Mahinda asked King Devanapiyatissa to test the king’s intelligence was about a mango tree. Most of the fruits in Sri Lanka are commercially grown though earlier they grew wild.

Ceylon Tea
“Ceylon Tea” has been prized for its unique flavour, colour & character, which cannot be readily found elsewhere. The humidity, cool temperatures, sunshine and rainfall (two monsoons) in the country’s central and southern highlands are conducive to the manufacture of unique quality teas. Tea plantations are scenic and pristine. Tea is grown, handpicked and processed in an artisanal process, unchanged for over a century.

Arts and Crafts
Arts of Sri Lanka have achieved great heights during the path of history. All Sri Lankan art forms like dance, music, sculpture, paintings and architecture have grown over the time. with the influence of Buddhism, and other religious beliefs of the people. This laid a firm foundation to the base of Sri Lankan arts.

Gem & Jewellery
Sri Lanka’s historical chronicle Mahavamsa speaks of gems and jewellery. Indeed, the Lord Buddha himself had to come to Sri Lanka to settle a dispute between two kings, Chulodara and Mahodara, over a Gem Studded Throne.

King Solomon is said to have bought gems from Sri Lanka to win the heart of his Queens. The great traveller, Marco Polo, was awestruck by a priceless ruby in the possession of the King of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka was called Ratnadvipa as some of the rarest gems in the world are found in abundance under our feet and the hills above us. One of the world famous gemstones, Sri Lanka’s Blue Sapphire that weighs 466 carats was discovered here. Other famous gems include the Blue Giant of the Orient, weighing nearly 500 carats and the Bluebell of Asia, which weighs 400 carats. The renowned Sri Lankan Star Sapphire is on permanent display at the Museum of Natural History in

New York, but due to an oversight, the stone has been called the star of India. Throughout the history Sri Lanka’s gems and jewellery have adorned the crown jewels of many a royal families. A gem – a 105 carat cat’s eye – discovered in a paddy field in Sri Lanka, gained fame among the royalty of Britain and was successively admired by Edward VII, George V, Edward VIII and Queen Elizabeth. Alexandrite, the rarest gem in the world is also found in Sri Lanka.

Copyright © 2015, Leoland Travels. All Rights Reserved.